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Thyroid Disease

Dr. Sean P. Nikravan, MD, FACE

Endocrinologists located in Newport Beach, CA

Thyroid disease is common and requires lifelong care and monitoring. If you have a thyroid disease or a parathyroid disease, Dr. Sean P. Nikravan, MD, FACE, and the team can help. With a personalized and evidence-based approach to care, you receive help managing your thyroid condition and improve your quality of life. To schedule a consultation, call the office in Newport Beach, California, or book an appointment online today.

Thyroid Disease Q&A

What are the thyroid and parathyroid glands?

Your thyroid and parathyroid glands are part of your endocrine system and produce hormones that regulate bodily functions.

Thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of your neck. It produces hormones collectively known as the thyroid hormones that primarily regulate your metabolism, which is your body’s energy-burning system. 

Parathyroid gland

The parathyroid gland includes four pea-sized glands located behind your thyroid gland. These glands produce parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH works with the hormones produced by your pituitary gland to maintain calcium and phosphorus balance in your blood.

What is a thyroid disease?

A thyroid disease includes any condition that affects the structure or function of your thyroid gland. Many of these conditions affect thyroid hormone production, causing the gland to produce too much or too little. 

Types of thyroid diseases include:

  • Goiters — enlarged thyroid gland
  • Thyroiditis — inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis — autoimmune condition that decreases hormone production
  • Graves’ disease — autoimmune condition that increases hormone production
  • Nodules — benign growths that increase hormone production

Thyroid disease is common and affects people of all ages.

What is a parathyroid disease?

A parathyroid disease includes conditions that affect the hormone production of your parathyroid glands. Types of parathyroid disease include:

  • Hyperparathyroidism — overactive parathyroid gland
  • Hypothyroidism — excess calcium and phosphorus in your blood
  • Tumors

Hyperparathyroidism is the most common type of parathyroid disease. 

How is thyroid disease diagnosed?

When you visit Dr. Sean P. Nikravan, MD, FACE, with concerns about thyroid disease, or parathyroid disease, you receive a comprehensive physical to get an accurate diagnosis.

You provide a full family history and have blood work run to diagnose thyroid disease. Then, an ultrasound of your neck to look for abnormalities, such as thyroid nodules.

You may also need a thyroid nodule biopsy

How is thyroid disease treated?

Treatment for thyroid and parathyroid disease depends on the type and how it affects your hormone levels. For conditions that cause low hormone production, Dr. Sean P. Nikravan, MD, FACE, prescribes hormone replacement medication.

For conditions that cause an overproduction of hormones, you may receive a prescription medication that decreases hormone production. 

Thyroid radiofrequency ablation (RFA), which is a non-surgical treatment for many thyroid-related conditions, including thyroid nodules and an enlarged thyroid, is also available.

Every cell in your body depends on the proper functioning of your thyroid glands. Symptoms of thyroid disease are subtle and may go unnoticed. 

For comprehensive care from a thyroid disease expert, call Dr. Sean P. Nikravan, MD, FACE, or schedule a consultation online today.